Remediation of Residual /r/ Errors: A Case Study Using the SATPAC Approach Residual speech production errors may occur in up to 1–2% of the adult population. Although they don't usually interfere with message intelligibility, potential negative impacts have been documented. The current report discusses the challenges of remediating these errors and errors related to /r/ in particular. It then presents an alternative ... Article
Article  |   August 01, 2015
Remediation of Residual /r/ Errors: A Case Study Using the SATPAC Approach
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Peter Flipsen,, Jr.
    School of Communications Sciences and Disorders, Pacific University, Forest Grove, OR
  • Stephen Sacks
    SATPAC Speech, Fresno, CA
  • Disclosures: Financial: Peter Flipsen, Jr. has no relevant financial interests to disclose. Stephen Sacks is the owner of the SATPAC program, which was used in this study. He receives benefits from sales of the online program.
    Disclosures: Financial: Peter Flipsen, Jr. has no relevant financial interests to disclose. Stephen Sacks is the owner of the SATPAC program, which was used in this study. He receives benefits from sales of the online program.×
  • Nonfinancial: Peter Flipsen, Jr. and Stephen Sacks have no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.
    Nonfinancial: Peter Flipsen, Jr. and Stephen Sacks have no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / School-Based Settings / Normal Language Processing / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Articles
Article   |   August 01, 2015
Remediation of Residual /r/ Errors: A Case Study Using the SATPAC Approach
SIG 16 Perspectives on School-Based Issues, August 2015, Vol. 16, 64-78. doi:10.1044/sbi16.3.64
History: Received December 31, 2014 , Revised February 11, 2015 , Accepted February 18, 2015
SIG 16 Perspectives on School-Based Issues, August 2015, Vol. 16, 64-78. doi:10.1044/sbi16.3.64
History: Received December 31, 2014; Revised February 11, 2015; Accepted February 18, 2015

Residual speech production errors may occur in up to 1–2% of the adult population. Although they don't usually interfere with message intelligibility, potential negative impacts have been documented. The current report discusses the challenges of remediating these errors and errors related to /r/ in particular. It then presents an alternative intervention approach (called SATPAC) that uses a combination of nonwords, a bunched /r/ (rather than the more commonly targeted retroflex /r/), multimodal feedback (including visual and tactile), and homework. A case study is presented to illustrate the potential success of this approach.

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